Document Type : Original Research Article

Author

Department of Chemical Engineering, Mahshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahshahr, Iran

Abstract

In gas transmission lines, there are usually "four main factors that are necessary to create hydration. As it is always necessary to design the pipeline to transfer at high pressure (high density), also pipelines are exposed to ambient temperature and usually" with They face low temperatures. On the other hand, in the presence of water vapor (almost all-natural gases carry some amount of water vapor with them) and, more importantly, the presence of hydrocarbons, hydrate crystals are formed in addition to partial or complete blockage of gas transmission lines. Causes fouling of distillation tower trays, nozzles, valves and heat exchangers, wear on turbochargers, etc. After the discovery of gas hydrates as the cause of blockage of gas transmission pipelines by Hammer Schmidt in 1934. The collection of thermodynamic information increased the formation of hydrates, with more carbon dioxide being produced and released into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels in homes and cars and burning waste gases in refineries and petrochemical industries, as well as in thermal power plants. It is one of the most important pollutants in the greenhouse effect, which causes global warming and gradual increase in temperature. Isolation and storage of greenhouse gases is one of the most fundamental environmental issues today.

Graphical Abstract

Investigation of the history of formation of gas hydrates

Keywords

Main Subjects

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